Egg donation is the process by which a woman provides one or several eggs for purposes of assisted reproduction or biomedical research. For assisted reproduction purposes, egg donation involves the process of in vitro fertilization as the eggs are fertilized in the laboratory.
STAGE 1 - DONOR PROFILING
The Need for Egg Donors
The egg donor is an important participant in the process of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer for the intended parents. The eggs are harvested from the donor before ovulation, fertilized in a laboratory,and the resulting embryos are transferred to the host uterus three or five days later.
The obligation of the egg donor is complete when the eggs are harvested from her ovaries by the physician. Immediately upon being retrieved, the donated eggs belong to the intended parents for their exclusive use. The egg donor has no parental rights or responsibilities with respect to the donated eggs,or any embryos of children, which may result from the donated eggs.
Egg donor candidates are typically between the ages of 20 and 30. Those donors who are easiest to match to intended parents and most readily approved by infertility physicians are between the ages of 21 and 29. Matching donor candidates who are under 21 and over 29 is somewhat more difficult, but attainable in some situations.
There are limitations to the number of times a woman may donate eggs, both medically and ethically.Prior donations must be disclosed in the profile.
STAGE 2 - EGG RETRIEVAL PROCESS
Every egg donor is required to go through a comprehensive medical examination of complete physical body including a pelvic exam, blood draw to check the level of hormone and to test for infectious disease, and an ultrasound to examine egg donor ovaries, uterus and other pelvic organs. In addition to this test the donor will be referred to a psychologist who will appraise if the donor is mentally ready to go through the complete process of donating her eggs. This evaluation is essential to know that the donor is fully prepared and capable of completing the donation cycle safely without any complications to both the baby and as well the donor and successfully.
After the completion of screening and legal contact signed, the donor will begin the donation cycle,which typically takes between three to six weeks. An egg retrieval procedure involves the compatibility of the egg donor's cycle and recipient's cycle. Birth control pills are used during the first few weeks of the egg donation process to harmonize the donor's cycle with the recipient's, monitored by a series of injections which halt the normal functioning of the donor's ovaries. These injections may be self-administered on a daily basis for a period of one to three weeks. Post this, follicle - stimulating hormones (FSH) are given to the donor to stimulate egg production and increases the number of mature eggs produced by the ovaries. Throughout the cycle the donor is monitored often by a doctor using blood tests and ultrasound exams to control the donor's reaction to the hormones and the progress of follicle growth.
This would be the last stage of the egg donation procedure, after the follicles are mature, the doctor will fix up the date and time for the egg retrieval procedure. Before the retrieval the donor will injected HCG hormone for the last time to confirm that the donor's eggs are ready to be reaped. The egg retrieval itself is a minimally invasive surgical process lasting 20-30 minutes, done with light general painkilling.A small ultrasound-guided needle is inserted through the vagina to extract the follicles in both ovaries,which extracts the eggs.
STAGE 3 - POST EGG DONATION
After resting in a recovery room for an hour or two, the donor is released. Most donors restart regular activities by the next day itself. Surrogacy Inc. is specialized in the complete reproduction process and takes care of the customers the recipients and donors from beginning legal involvements to the extraction of eggs with care and safeguard the both the donor and baby, as the Surrogacy Abroad Inc.has got the experts who are experienced professionals in this domain and who have excelled in this arena called surrogacy, egg donation and IVF.